Applications of Internet of Things (IoT) and Smart Home Technology in our daily life

We talk about the Internet of Things (whose acronym is IoT) to define intelligent objects at the base of the Internet of Things, or all those objects connected to internet. We are not referring only to the computer, because today every object can be connected to a digital communication network (your telephone, your watch, your car) and, above all, it can generate data of all kinds. Let's see better what it is.

How do these devices work?


As we already said, any kind of object connected to internet is part of IoT, but let’s see how an object can be turned into a smart object related to the big family of Internet of Things:

The Internet of Things describes the processes that result from assigning a network address to an object and equipping this object with sensors. When we equip an object with some sensors and connect it to a network, this object develops new skills. Sensors are the components of an instrument or a system that detect changes of state in their environment and communicate them to the outside; they can detect changes in an object's placement, orientation, elevation point, speed, or distance.

Objects have become media, capable of generating data and communicating information, they are no longer finished objects, because they constantly generate data. Since 2008, the number of objects connected to the internet has exceeded the human population (8.4 billion). For example, our smartphone is not just a telephone, but a connected computer equipped with various sensors and since the mobile phone is connected and identifiable, we are too, or rather, the data relating to our habits are. The ability to process data, called computation, has become a property extended to almost all objects in the world. 

So, what are the characteristics that make an object considerable “intelligent”?

The object must first of all be identifiable, equipped with a unique identifier in the digital world, and then it has to be connected, in order to be able to transmit and receive information.

You can consult this awesome article to understand better the world of IoT: 


Examples of smart object

Alright, we know that these explanations may sound a bit difficult and new for some of our readers, so let’s try to understand how these devices are incorporated into our daily lives, without even realizing it:

  • The first example, of course, is our computer, which is full of our data that is useful to improve social media, to generate personalized advertising based on what our algorithm is (to know more about the algorithm you can consult this article on our blog: ) and it is used by social studies to understand some of our habits, of course this phenomenon is full of controversies and privacy problems, but if you want to go into detail, you can consult the link above.
  • Another obvious example is our telephone, which, being connected to the internet, generates the same data as a computer and for the same reasons, but our telephone has an extra component that allows companies to generate data constantly, because each person always has the phone with you, and especially concerning activities that the computer does not have the opportunity to detect. The phone allows various companies to study our habits regarding physical activity, our sleep, the apps we consult the most and how we spend most of our time. Just think of the report that our phone periodically sends us about our phone consumption or the health app that counts our steps constantly.

However, there are millions of smart objects that we use every day, such as the smart car designed to communicate real-time information to the consumer, connection between vehicles or between them and the surrounding infrastructure for accident prevention and detection. IoT objects are not only used for data collection, but also to solve the problems of our society, such as those related to sustainability:

  • The world of agriculture has been experimenting for a long time and today started using intelligent agricultural appliances to improve the quality of products, reduce the resources used and the environmental impact.
  • Even our cities are starting to be smart, through the monitoring and management of the elements of a city (for example means for public transport, public lighting and parking) and the surrounding environment to improve livability, sustainability and competitiveness.

Smart home technology

Most of the houses nowadays uses the Internet of things technology to make life easier for the family; people use solutions for the automatic and/or remote management of systems and connected objects in the home, with the aim of reducing energy consumption and improving the comfort and safety of the home and of the people inside it.

They use smart objects to do any kind of task, from the simple ones (for example using Amazon’s Alexa to switch on the light or to put some music) to the most difficult (for example turning on some devices while we are still away from home).

The smart home technology improves our lives, it makes our routine easier and the positive aspect is that we can communicate with them or entrust them with those tasks that we cannot do because they are busy or those tasks that would take us too much time (for example, by having a smart washing machine, you can turn it on while you are at work, so that your clothes will be already washed by the time you come back home).

You can consult this interesting web page to understand more about smart home technology: .


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